Split line interactively using ArcPy FeatureSets

Back when I was doing a lot of GIS work for civil and electrical asset management, a common task I had was to ensure that all civil structures represented as a polyline (reticulation and bulk pipelines, eletrical feeder cables, road surfaces etc) were split at the physical road intersections as seen on the latest available aerial imagery, as well as where they crossed each other.

This task wasn’t too much trouble if the lines were already drawn across each other, as more often than not, the lines crossed at the road intersections. The result was usually achieved by using the Planarize option on the Advanced Editing toolbar. However, it became a problem for new areas which had to be digitised by hand (no CAD drawings or shapefiles received), or lines which had to be corrected.

I would have to visually check on the imagery where the road intersections were, and then manually split each polyline. I ran through some ideas, including digitising all road intersections as points (which would be good data to have anyway), and then splitting all the lines at the closest intersection by using the Split Line at Point tool.

I did however want to create a method of splitting the line multiple times on the fly, instead of just splitting it once (which is the option provided by the Split button on the Editor toolbar). I wanted to be able to select a line, click as many points along the line as I wanted, and then split the line into those points.

The tool iterates over all the points created by the user in the FeatureSet. For each point, a temporary diagonal is created to cut the original polyline. This new part is saved in a list and the tool runs again on the original polyline (minus the new part). Once all the points have been processed, the original polyline is removed from the feature class, and the new parts are inserted. All feature attributes are maintained.

My intention with this tool was to expand it with more features, fix the bugs (it would randomly not work) and upload it as a toolbox. However, the need to do that fell away. I also realised I was starting to get into a space where I was forcing as much code as I could into my work in order to get through the day.

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